Metal Lathes

From CoMakingSpace Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

A lathe can easily pull you in if you don't pay attention. Keep long hair tucked away and avoid long sleeves or any other clothes that could get caught in the lathe. Take care of lose objects around the rotating parts as they can be thrown at high speeds.


Before You Leave

Before you leave it is important to clean the machine properly.

Mandatory:

  • use the brush to clean off the chips (you don't have to disassemble the whole machine every time to get all of them)
  • untighten the belt
  • remove your workpiece
  • disconnect the leadscrew and auto feed
  • cover the machine with the old bedsheet to protect it from abrasive dust

Sanding

You can use sandpaper to quickly finish the surface of a piece you've turned on the lathe. When doing this, place a shop rag on the lathe bed to prevent pieces of the abrasive from getting dragged into the mechanics where they might cause some damage!


Myford ML7

MachineInfoBox

Myford ML7 (Serial No. K51412)

Lathe restoration.JPG
Synonyms: metalworking lathe, engine lathe,
machinists' lathe; DE: "Drehbank",
Zug- und Leitspindeldrehmaschine,
"Drehe"
Used with: tool bits
Location: metal workshop
Access Requirements: upon personal introduction
Status: working
Manual: vintagemachinery
Tutors: Patrick
Similar (More or Less): wood lathe

We were generously given a Myford ML7 metalworking lathe. Based on the serial number, this beauty seems to be from the year 1962!

We restored it to working condition (see corresponding issue) and will add more and more information as we gain more experience!

Lubrication

Locations of all oil nipples

There are various oil nipples (2 B.A. thread; Schmiernippel) all over the machine and two sight-feed lubricators (a.k.a. drip feed oilers) above the headstock spindle bearings.

The manufacturer's recommendation is "Esso Nuto 32" gear oil but we are using a more viscous "90" oil as that was available to us and two trusted sources ensured us it should work just fine.

Oil Nipples

According to the manufacturer's assembly diagrams, there should be 3 oil nipples on the carriage, 2 on the "motorizing" section, 1 on the tailstock, 2 on the headstock and 2 on the "bed, leadscrew and gear train" section for a total of 10 nipples. However, one of those (on the headstock, inside a belt pulley for whatever reason) is currently not installed as it is very difficult to reach.

You need a grease gun (a.k.a. oil gun or Fettpresse) to lubricate through the oil nipples. We bought replacement oil nipples with metric thread and installed them in all but two locations, and the grease gun fits those and (well enough, anyway) the original British ones.

Carriage

The cross slides move 0.2mm for 1/10th of a revolution. Keep in mind the diameter of the workpiece reduces by twice that amount!

Work Holding

The lathe is equipped with a simple 3-door chuck with two sets of jaws. One set is for small diameter workpieces and inside diameter holding, the other for larger diameters (steps get shorter to the center). To change the jaws turn the key until they come out. Be sure not to drop them! Insert the new set in the right order (1-1, 2-2, 3-3) while turning the chuck key in the other direction.

It is very important to hold the workpiece securely so no chatter occurs and the piece doesn't fly out. Avoid too long of a stick-out without the use of the end stock support (not available yet). Usually the thicker the material, the longer the stick-out can be. A good rule of thumb is a 3:1 ratio.

Scratches can be avoided by using some shim stock (copper or brass) in between the jaws and the workpiece.

We should attach coil springs to each of our chuck keys so they can't be accidentally left in the chuck when the machine is turned on and go flying. [1]

Headstock

The drive shaft's thread is 1 1/8" x 12 TPI Whitworth.

Tailstock

Our lathe has a tailstock with a MKII (18 mm) taper for a live center (not yet) or a drill chuck (installed).

The (live) center is used to support longer workpieces. For this they need to be center drilled beforehand. With the drill chuck normal drills can be mounted; center-drilling is advised before drilling with a standard drill.

Small Lathe

MachineInfoBox

'

Machine-default.png
Used with: tool bits
Location: metal workshop
Access Requirements: after commissioning: metal lathe introduction
Status: being commissioned (see issue #112)
Tutors:

This tool is not ready for usage yet, since not all commissioning steps are completed yet. The process is also tracked on GitHub. Feel free to contribute to making it usable, any help is very welcome!

Task comment Status
Name the tool: - pending
Take a picture - pending
Find the manual as PDF only power tools - add a link to the InfoBox or comment where you could not find it pending
Documentation this page, status: in commissioning pending
Print QR-Code use the wikicrawler pending
Introduction - pending
Security Check to be done or witnessed by a manager pending
Test to be done or witnessed by a manager pending
tool's name, owner and approx. value provide to a manager for inventorization pending
Last step: make it available physically and in the wiki - then delete this template pending


Further Reading